Which DNA tests are available?

Which DNA tests are available?

DNA tests. You have probably seen anything about them. Chances are, that you have seen an ad about them on Instagram, Facebook, television or even on billboards along the highway. They are extremely popular and this popularity has quickly risen the past few years. In this blog you will read which DNA tests are available and what they do.

Home DNA test

One of the DNA tests we will discuss here is the home DNA test kit. With a paternity test, the DNA of the alleged father is compared to the DNA of the child by a saliva or blood sample. A paternity home test just will give you the answer to one of the most important questions: “Am I the father?” or “Is he really the father of my child?”. With most paternity tests, you can choose between a home test or a legal paternity test. The home test is really only there to reassure you. The legally valid test also reassures you, but you can also use it in a legal procedure.

Consider, for example, proceedings in the family law sphere (divorce, custody, maintenance and inheritance), immigration proceedings (family reunification) and redress proceedings at a municipality (stopping or reclaiming benefits). The paternity test for peace of mind cannot be used in legal proceedings. Both tests are equally reliable. The only difference is in the way the DNA material is taken. With a home test kit, you can take a sample yourself, with a legal test you have to go to a lab or collection point. Most tests give you almost a 100% accuracy of certainty within a few days and are easy and painless to take using cotton buds for a saliva sample. A lab then analyses the DNA from the father and child(ren), making the result incredibly accurate.

Prenatal DNA testing

There are situations in which it is desirable to investigate paternity prenatally, i.e. before the birth of the child. With the traditional method of testing, a gynaecologist must be called in at the hospital to take DNA from the baby. With this invasive method, the gynaecologist will in most cases, take amniotic fluid. This will be increasing the risk of complications and miscarriage. New DNA techniques make it possible to carry out a so-called non-invasive DNA test without the involvement of a gynaecologist. Here, the baby’s foetal DNA is isolated and compared with DNA from the father’s saliva. This prenatal DNA testing can be, in most cases, done at home in your comfortable surroundings. You can even order them online.